The 10 largest countries in the world by area, population and natural resources

The ten countries with the largest landmass in the world are giants that dominate physical geography and play a key role in global dynamics. These countries are not only large in size, but also rich in natural resources, diverse ecosystems, and cultural influence on the global stage. Below is a detailed introduction to these countries, focusing on their unique characteristics, economic data, and global significance.

The top 10 countries by region cover a variety of ecosystems and cultural landscapes, with significant impacts on global geopolitics and economics. From Russia’s vast Siberian tundra to Brazil’s dense Amazon rainforest, these countries cover a variety of climates and terrains, affecting their ecological diversity and economic capabilities.

These countries cover a vast landmass and contribute greatly to global biodiversity, cultural heritage, and natural resources. This article explores the unique characteristics and global role of these geographical giants, providing insights into their environmental management and international status.

Top 10 countries by area

1. Russia

The 10 largest countries in the world by area, population and natural resources

  • Area: 17,098,242 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 144 million
  • GDP: $1.7 trillion

Russia is the world’s largest country by land area, spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, and accounting for 11% of the Earth’s land area. Russia has abundant natural resources, including the world’s largest natural gas reserves and abundant oil and mineral reserves. Russia has a rich cultural heritage, with historical sites such as the Kremlin and Red Square, and has also made contributions in literature, ballet and classical music.

2. Canada


  • Area: 9,984,670 square kilometers
  • Population: About 38 million
  • GDP: $1.9 trillion

Canada is known for its pristine natural landscapes and is the second largest country in the world. It has the world’s longest coastline and extensive forests, accounting for about 9% of the world’s forest cover. Canada’s economy is highly diversified, with strengths in the technology sector, natural resources, and manufacturing. It is also known for its high standard of living and its strong commitment to multiculturalism and environmental issues.

3. China


  • Area: 9,706,961 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 1.4 billion
  • GDP: $17.7 trillion

China has a diverse landscape, ranging from the Gobi Desert in the north to subtropical forests in the south. China is the world’s most populous country and the second largest economy, playing a major role in global manufacturing and trade. China is also a leader in renewable energy development and technological innovation, reflecting its rapid economic growth and growing global influence.

4. United States of America


  • Area: 9,372,610 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 331 million
  • GDP: $23 trillion

The United States has diverse geographical features, including mountains, plains, and coastal areas. It is a global leader in various fields such as economy, science and technology, and culture. Its economy is based on high productivity and diversified industries, and it has strong innovation capabilities in science and technology, entertainment, and scientific research, which have an impact on global trends and policies.

5. Brazil


  • Area: 8,515,767 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 213 million
  • GDP: $1.8 trillion

Brazil is the largest country in South America and is home to the Amazon rainforest, which accounts for more than half of the remaining rainforest on Earth. Brazil is a major agricultural exporter, known worldwide for its production of coffee, soy beans, and beef. Brazil plays a key role in environmental discussions due to its management of the Amazon, which is an essential component of the global ecological balance.

6. Australia


  • Area: 7,692,024 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 26 million
  • GDP: $1.4 trillion

Australia is unique with its vast outback, diverse species and ecosystems. Australia has a highly developed economy, dominated by the mining industry, which contributes greatly to its GDP. Australia’s cultural industries, tourism and strong education system make it an influential country in Oceania and the world, especially in discussions on climate change and environmental protection.

7. India


  • Area: 3,287,590 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 1.4 billion
  • GDP: $3.3 trillion

India’s cultural, linguistic and religious diversity is unique in the world. India has a strong agricultural base, with a significant portion of the population engaged in agriculture, and is a major producer of spices, pulses and milk. India has also made great strides in technology, space research and pharmaceuticals, which have contributed greatly to its economic growth and regional influence.

8. Argentina


  • Area: 2,780,400 square kilometers
  • Population: About 45 million
  • GDP: $450 billion

Argentina’s landscape includes the Andes Mountains, glacial lakes and the Pampas, which is famous for its livestock industry. The country is rich in natural resources such as copper, silver and lithium, and is one of the world’s largest agricultural producers, famous for its beef and wine. The country’s rich culture, especially literature and dance, reflects its vibrant national character.

9. Kazakhstan


  • Area: 2,724,900 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 19 million
  • GDP: $180 billion

Kazakhstan is the largest and richest country in Central Asia, with rich reserves of oil, coal and precious metals. For hundreds of years, Kazakhstan’s vast steppes have been home to nomadic tribes, and the country’s economy has increasingly focused on mining, industry and agriculture. Kazakhstan is strategically important due to its location and resources, and is a key link in energy pipelines and trade routes between Asia and Europe.

10. Algeria


  • Area: 2,381,741 square kilometers
  • Population: About 44 million
  • GDP: $168 billion

Algeria is the largest country in Africa, with a terrain that includes a Mediterranean coastline, mountainous areas, and a vast Sahara Desert region. It is a major producer of oil and gas, which dominates its economy. Algeria has a colorful history that blends Arab, Berber, and French influences, which is reflected in its diverse culture, cuisine, and architecture. Its strategic geographical location and rich resources make it a key player in North African geopolitics.

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